@article{IRSIC_698,
    author = { COURBET, D and FOURQUET-COURBET, M.P and MARCHIOLI, A.},
    title = {Les m\'edias sociaux, r\'egulateurs d'\'emotions collectives},
    year = {2015},
    journal = {Herm\`es},
    volume = {71},
    pages = {291-297},
    abstract = {Selon Durkheim, pour g\'erer un ph\'enom\`ene \'emotionnel majeur, les sujets sociaux \'eprouvent le besoin anthropologique fondamental de communiquer, de vivre collectivement leurs \'emotions et de se r\'ef\'erer \`a une conscience collective supraordonn\'ee. Dans le cadre d'\'ev\'enements socio-m\'ediatiques extraordinaires, nous montrons comment les m\'edias sociaux contribuent \`a construire une << conscience collective virtuelle >> en r\'egulant des \'emotions collectives majeures. Celle-ci serait directement impliqu\'ee dans la co-construction d'un nouveau sens socialement partag\'e. À partir d'un ph\'enom\`ene socio-\'emotionnel hors du commun (le d\'ec\`es de Michael Jackson), nous d\'etaillons cinq processus intervenant dans la r\'egulation des \'emotions collectives n\'egatives. Cette derni\`ere se d\'eroulerait diff\'eremment selon l'identit\'e des personnes. Elle s'effectuerait de mani\`ere plus rapide chez les personnes dont l'identit\'e est davantage << groupale >>. À l'oppos\'e, les m\'edias sociaux favoriseraient une rumination \'emotionnelle n\'efaste chez les personnes dont l'identit\'e est davantage individuelle. According to Durkheim, when people are faced with a significant emotional event, they feel a fundamental anthropological need to communicate and experience their emotions collectively, and to refer to a supra-ordinate collective consciousness. We show that when an extraordinary social and media event takes place, the social media take on the role of a “virtual collective consciousness” by regulating strong collective emotions. This appears be directly involved in the co-construction of new socially shared meaning. Based on an unusually striking socio-emotional phenomenon (the death of Michael Jackson), we describe five processes involved in regulating negative collective emotions. The regulating process appears to differ according to people's identities, and to be directly involved in the co-construction of a new meaning shared by all. It also seems to take effect more rapidly when group identities are involved. When identity is more individual, on the other hand, the social media appear to promote more negative emotional ruminations.},
    keywords = {m\'edias sociaux;\'emotions collectives;Michael Jackson;identit\'e;social media;collective emotion;Michael Jackson identity;},
    x-audience = {Internationale},
    x-peerreviewing = {Oui},
    x-popularlevel = {Non},
    x-publisherlink = {http://documents.irevues.inist.fr/handle/2042/58839},
    x-language = {},
}