@article{IRSIC_88,
    author = {BEAUVOIS, J.-L and COURBET D. and OBERLE, D.},
    title = {The prescriptive power of the television host. A transposition of Milgram's obedience paradigm to the context of TV game show},
    year = {2012},
    journal = {European Review of Applied Psychology},
    volume = {62},
    number = {4},
    pages = {111-119},
    abstract = {Introduction : Vu la fascination qu'exerce aujourd'hui la t\'el\'evision, on se demande si elle ne repr\'esente pas une autorit\'e susceptible de conduire les gens \`a commettre, sur un plateau de t\'el\'evision, des actes cruels \`a l'\'egard d'autrui, actes que pourtant ils r\'eprouvent. Objectifs : La pr\'esente exp\'erience nous permet de r\'epondre affirmativement \`a cette question. Pour le d\'emontrer, nous avons transpos\'e le c\'el\`ebre paradigme d'ob\'eissance de Milgram dans le contexte d'un jeu t\'el\'evis\'e, film\'e dans le studio d'une entreprise de production d'\'emissions t\'el\'evis\'ees, impliquant un public mais pas de gains. M\'ethode : Nous avons r\'ealis\'e plusieurs conditions exp\'erimentales destin\'ees \`a faire appara\^itre si, dans un tel contexte, l'ob\'eissance restait, comme dans la situation classique souvent reproduite, la r\'eponse dominante. Nous souhaitions aussi savoir si l'introduction de variantes permettrait d'obtenir, une r\'eduction de l'ob\'eissance. R\'esultats : Les r\'esultats montrent que l'ob\'eissance \`a l'animatrice est, comme dans la situation standard de Milgram, la r\'eponse dominante et que des variantes suppos\'ees a priori r\'eduire cette ob\'eissance ne la r\'eduisent pas. Une condition exp\'erimentale additionnelle semble indiquer qu'un facteur d\'eterminant de l'ob\'eissance est la proximit\'e physique de l'animatrice repr\'esentant le pouvoir t\'el\'evisuel. Conclusion : On conclut en \'evoquant les aspects soci\'etaux de l'ob\'eissance. Introduction : Today's fascination with television makes us wonder whether it might not represent an authority capable of leading people in a television studio to inflict cruel acts on others, even though they condemn those acts. Objective : The experiment reported here allows us to answer this question in the affirmative. Therefore, we transposed Milgram's famous experimental obedience paradigm to the context of a “real” TV game show, in the studio of a large television production company, with a live audience and no prizes. Method : We set up several experimental conditions designed to tell us if, in such contexts, obedience was the dominant response, as it is in the often-replicated classic situation. We also wished to know if the introduction of variations would reduce obedience. Results : The results show that obedience to the host is the dominant response, as it is in Milgram's classic situation. However, variations that are assumed to reduce this obedience do not in fact demonstrate the expected effects. An additional experimental condition appears to demonstrate that a determining factor of obedience is the physical proximity of the host incarnating the televisual power. Conclusion : We offer a conclusion addressing the societal aspects of obedience.},
    keywords = {Violence t\'el\'evisuelle;T\'el\'e-r\'ealit\'e;Autorit\'e;Milgram;Ob\'eissance;; Television violence;Reality television;Authority;Milgram;Obedience;},
    x-audience = {Internationale},
    x-peerreviewing = {Oui},
    x-popularlevel = {Non},
    x-publisherlink = {http://www.em-consulte.com/article/735952},
    doi = {10.1016/j.erap.2012.02.001},
    x-language = {},
}